New Publication: In Silico Analysis of Homologous Heterodimers of Cruzipain-Chagasin from Structural Models Built by Homology

Int J Mol Sci. 2019;20(6):1320. Published 2019 Mar 15.

The present study gives an overview of the binding energetics of the homologous heterodimers of cruzipain−chagasin based on the binding energy (ΔGb) prediction obtained with FoldX. This analysis involves a total of 70 homologous models of the cruzipain−chagasin complex which were constructed by homology from the combinatory variation of nine papain-like cysteine peptidase structures and seven cysteine protease inhibitor structures (as chagasin-like and cystatin-like inhibitors). Only 32 systems have been evaluated experimentally, ΔGbexperimental values previously reported. Therefore, the result of the multiple analysis in terms of the thermodynamic parameters, are shown as relative energy |ΔΔG| = |ΔGbfrom FoldX − ΔGbexperimental|. Nine models were identified that recorded |ΔΔG| < 1.3, five models to 2.8 > |ΔΔG| > 1.3 and the other 18 models, values of |ΔΔG| > 2.8. The energetic analysis of the contribution of ΔH and ΔS to ΔGb to the 14-molecular model presents a ΔGb mostly ΔH-driven at neutral pH and at an ionic strength (I) of 0.15 M. The dependence of ΔGb(I,pH) at 298 K to the cruzipain−chagasin complex predicts a linear dependence of ΔGb(I). The computational protocol allowed the identification and prediction of thermodynamics binding energy parameters for cruzipain−chagasin-like heterodimers.

doi: 10.3390/ijms20061320