Research Group "Environmental Exposure Assessment"

Aerosol measurement station in Augsburg

At the aerosol measurement station in Augsburg, physical and chemical properties of urban aerosol are characterized on an hourly basis. This monitoring site has been operated since October 2004.

  • for identification of the most relevant local and regional sources of particulate matter (source apportionment)
  • for monitoring of long-term changes of particulate matter levels and characteristics
  • to provide data for epidemiological studies for a novel assessment of the health relevance of particle properties and components
  • to provide data for local, national and international projects in the field of aerosol, climate and health research

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Evaluation of the low emission zone (LEZ) and the ACCEPTED (Assessment of changing conditions, environmental policies, time-activities, exposure and disease) project

The impact of the low emission zones on changes in air pollutant levels will be evaluated by additional measurements in Augsburg and Munich and analysis of existing measurements in Munich and Berlin.

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GUAN: German ultrafine aerosol network

Since the end of 2008 the aerosol measurement station in Augsburg is included into the newly established GUAN. The measured parameters, including particle number size distribution, black carbon and size-segregated chemical compositions, are relevant for human health and climate effects.

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ULTRA III: "ENVIRONMENTAL NANOPARTICLES AND HEALTH: Exposure, Modeling and Epidemiology of Nanoparticles and their Composition within KORA"

The lack of evidence on long-term effects of environmental nanoparticles is currently preventing any regulations in the EU and worldwide. ULTRA III aims to investigate the association between annual averages of ultrafine particles, their chemical composition and source contributions, black carbon, nitrogen dioxides, ozone and particulate matter and several health outcomes using predicted exposures based on novel land-use regression models.

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UF&Health: "Health effects of ultrafine particles in Europe"

Epidemiological evidence on the association between short-term exposure to ultrafine particles (UFP) and mortality is weak, due to the lack of routine UFP measurements and standardized multi-center studies. This projects aims to investigate the relationship between UFP and particulate matter (PM) with daily mortality and hospitalization in eight European urban areas (Stockholm, Helsinki, Copenhagen, Augsburg, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Rome, Athens).

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Nitrogen dioxide: population-weighted exposure assessment and quantification of environmental burden of disease in Germany

In this project, a population-weighted NO2 exposure assessment from assimilated modelling data was conducted for the German population. The most relevant NO2-associated health risks in Germany were identified and quantified in DALYs (Disability Adjusted Life Years). The results may support policy makers in evaluation and resource allocation with respect to environment-related health protection.

For more information related to this project please refer to the project description of Research Group "Environmental Risks" (new window).

AWAIR: “Environmental integrated, multilevel knowledge and approaches to counteract critical AIR pollution events, improving vulnerable citizens’ quality of life in Central Europe Functional Urban Areas”

Air pollution is both an environmental and a social problem and is considered a common challenge for Central Europe territories in particular dealing with Severe Air Pollution Episodes (SAPE). AWAIR aims at improving environmental management capacity in Central Europe through promotion and adoption of agreed measures and strategies able to reduce SAPEs impacts on environment and human health in particular of vulnerable people.

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SmartAQnet: “Smart Air Quality Network”

The project “SmartAQnet”, funded by the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI), is based on a pragmatic, data driven approach, which for the first time combines existing data sets with a networked mobile measurement strategy in the urban space.

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Influence of local emission sources at the spatial and temporal distribution of ultrafine particles (2017-2019)

Ultrafine particles (UFP) are moving more and more into the focus of public awareness thereby increasing the demand for measurements and indices together with assessment studies. Continuous measurements of UFP are performed only at three sites in Bavaria: Two of them are located in the regional background (Meteorological Observatory Hohenpeißenberg, Environmental Research Station Schneefernerhaus) far away from the direct influence of anthropogenic emission sources. The third one is situated in Augsburg on the campus of the University of Applied Sciences Augsburg – without strong local anthropogenic sources in the close surroundings (urban background). Therefore, the year-round load situation of UFP at characteristic urban places like main thoroughfares or industrial zones in Bavaria is largely unknown so far. 

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PREVIOUS PROJECTS

EPA STAR 2 - Source-specific health effects of ultrafine and fine particles

In the framework of this study the relationship between personal and outdoor ultrafine particle concentrations and links between PM characteristics and their health impacts are evaluated.
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ESCAPE - Effects of long-term exposure to air pollution on health in European cohorts

The exposure assessment work package of this study employs a mixture of measurements and modeling to estimate long term population exposure to ambient air pollution by use of land use regression modeling.
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TRANSPHORM - Transport related air pollution and health impacts - integrated methodologies for assessing particulate matter

Within this project international leading air quality and health researchers and users will be brought together to improve the knowledge of transport-related airborne particulate matter and its impact on human health and to develop and implement assessment tools for scales ranging from city to Europe.
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UFIPOLNET – Ultrafine particle size distribution in air pollution monitoring network

In the framework of this project an inexpensive system for ultrafine particles monitoring has been developed and validated. This device can be integrated in a routine measuring network for measuring size distributions of ultrafine particles number concentrations.
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EURAQHEM - Preparatory work for optimized European air quality and health effect monitoring

Within this project information has been gathered and analyzed describing the current practice of ambient air quality monitoring and its limitations in light of health relevance, identifying limitations and need for improvements with regard to air pollution health assessments, formulating recommendations for future routine air quality monitoring as well as health data acquisition and processing, identifying areas of research needs to further substantiate the evaluation of health impact assessments.
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UFIREG: Ultrafine particles – an evidence based contribution to the development of regional and European environmental and health policy

The project UFIREG focuses on short-term effects of ultrafine and fine particles on human health, as information on health effects of ultrafine particles is still limited.
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