Previous Project

HEI Erfurt I: "Daily mortality and fine and ultrafine particles in Erfurt, Germany" (1995 - 2003)

Investigation of the association between acute mortality and concentrations of fine and ultrafine particles in ambient air.

Specific Aims:

  • to characterize ambient air pollution based on measurements of particle with a diameter between 10nm and 2.5µm with a particle spectrometer and the measurements of gaseous pollutants.
  • to assess the role of ambient particulate air pollution in the size range of 10nm to 2.5µm on exacerbating mortality.

Study design:

Population based mortality study on acute exposure of air pollutants

Study Population:
Residents of Erfurt

Study area:
Erfurt, Germany

Study Methods:

Exposure Assessment:Monitoring of daily fine and ultrafine particle counts in six size classes
Measurement of gaseous components: SO2, NO2, CO
Impactor measurements: PM10, PM2.5, acidity
Analysis of elemental composition of particles by PIXE
Collection of data on influenza epidemics
Measurement of meteorological parameters
Health outcome:   Concurrent collection of death certificates

Study Period:
August 1995-December 1998

Current Status:
Completed; Final report

Principal Investigator: Helmholtz Zentrum München - Institute of Epidemiology: H.-Erich Wichmann (PI), Claudia Spix, Thomas Tuch, Gabi Wölke, Josef Cyrys, Matthias Stölzel, Annette Peters, Joachim Heinrich

Helmholtz Zentrum München - Comprehensive Pneumology Center: Wolfgang Kreyling, Joachim Heyder
Helmholtz Zentrum München - Institute of Radiation Protection: Klaus Wittmaack

Health Effects Institute (HEI), Cambridge, Massachusetts
Helmholtz Center Munich-Institute of Epidemiology

Related publications:

  • Stölzel M, Peters A, Wichmann HE. 2003. Daily mortality and fine and ultrafine particles in Erfurt Germany. In: Health Effects Institute: Revised Analyses of Time-Series Studies of Air Pollution and Health.
    Special Report. Boston, MA: Health Effects Institute, 231-240.
  • Kotesovec F, Skorkovsky J, Brynda J, Peters A., Heinrich J. 2000. Daily mortality and air pollution in northern Bohemia: different effects for men and women. Cent Eur J Public Health 8(2):120-7
  • Peters A, Skorkovsky J, Kotesovec F, Brynda J, Spix C, Wichmann HE, Heinrich J. 2000. Associations between mortality and air pollution in Central Europe. Environ Health Perspect 108(4): 283-287

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