Study objectives:
Within this project, we analyze short-term effects of changes in the climate, in particular changes in temperature, on mortality. In detail, we investigate the effects of daily changes in air temperature on daily numbers of cause-specific mortality in the region of Augsburg and in selected regions of Nepal for the time period 1990 – 2012.
Moreover, the study aims to create and establish permanent research structures for both the German and Nepalese research groups. Additionally, the project offers a possibility to support and establish young researchers in this field. Moreover, the professional expertise, especially the cross-cultural competence, of senior scientists will be enhanced.

Study design:
Population based time-series study.

Study population:
Mortality data from Augsburg and selected regions of Nepal in the period 1990 – 2012 are considered. Therefore, the daily number of natural mortality (ICD-9: 1–799; ICD-10: A00-R99) are used based on data of the Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing for Augsburg and corresponding data for Nepal. In order to determine susceptible subpopulations the death counts are classified by sex, age and cause of death, such as:

  • Cardiovascular disease (ICD-9: 390 – 459; ICD-10: I00-I99)
  • Ischemic heart disease (ICD-9: 410-414; ICD-10: I20-I25)
  • Cerebrovascular disease (ICD-9: 430-438; ICD-10: I60-I69)
  • Disease of the respiratory system (ICD-9: 460 – 519; ICD-10: J00-J99).

Study area:
Augsburg, Germany and selected regions of Nepal.

Funding period:

Current status:

Official project period ended but cooperation and analyses are ongoing.

Helmholtz Zentrum München, Institute for Epidemiology: Alexandra Schneider
Tribhuvan University, Institute of Medicine: Bandana Pradhan.

BMBF (DP14022).


Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health

Institute of Epidemiology
Alexandra Schneider

Department of Community Medicine and Public Health
Institute of Medicine
Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
Bandana Pradhan

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