Plant Phenotyping

Plants are essential elements for future bioeconomy. They are in the center of grand challenges like the food/ feed, bioressources and materials, the climate as well as the energy challenge. Integrating approaches across all scales of plant systems from molecular to field applications are necessary to develop sustainable plant production with higher yield, more efficient use of limited land, water and nutrient resources, and improved quality characteristics that are required for traditional and novel utilization of plants in the future.

Plant phenotyping (analysis of genotype (G) x environment (E) interactions) is an emerging research field developing rapidly due to the strong demand by crop breeders, agricultural industry, and academia. While the traditional analysis of plant traits is done with moderate technological efforts, acceleration and valorization of the modern knowledge-based phenotyping build on specialized infrastructure and simultaneous development of technologies and protocols. The infrastructure must especially allow high-throughput analysis of G x E interactions under well-defined and monitored environmental conditions in growth chambers/ greenhouses and the field.

Non-invasive high-throughput systems rhizotron and shoot platforms, multi-cuvette systems for VOC and photosynthesis analyses VOC-SCREEN must be complemented by in depth mechanistic (e.g. metabolomic BGC, transcriptomic PGSB) phenotyping to identify relevant proxies for high- and medium throughput in order to maximize knowledge transfer from controlled into field conditions.

EUS Plant phenotyping facilities are operated together with our host institute of Biochemical Plant Pathology (BIOP).Plant BIOP-EUS Phenotyping Facilities

Selected publications

Niederbacher B, Winkler JB, Schnitzler JP (2015): Volatile organic compounds as non-invasive markers for plant phenotyping. Journal of Experimental Botany 66: 5403-5416

Rosenkranz M, Pugh TAM, Schnitzler JP, Arneth A (2015): Effect of land-use change and management on BVOC emissions – selecting climate-smart cultivars. Plant, Cell & Environment 38: 1896-1912 .

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